Horse Manure Organic Fertilizer Compost and Production

Content:
1. Pasture Horse Manure Production
2. Effective Horse Manure Management
3. Horse Manure Composting Technology
4. Horse Manure Fertilizer Granules Making Process


While developing a animal farm, it is important to have animal manure management for livestock industry. How to manage manure efficiently is an important problem for horse keepers. Maybe you are willing to ride horses instead of cleaning horse manure and bedding. However, you should make clear that horse can generate large quantity of

horse manure daily

manure every day. As for a horse, there is about 10 tons manure and bedding that need to be clean annually. You are supposed to think over treatment in horse manure. Some horse keepers have developed horse manure as fertilizer with the help of organic fertilizer production line, selling horse manure fertilizer as source of revenue.

As we all know, animal manure contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and other nutrients. These manures are needed in plant growth, which may improve soil fertility, soil moisture and water infiltration. Horse manure, as one of animal manures, is a good organic material for organic fertilizer production.

Pasture Horse Manure Production
Manure can be divided into solid and liquid waste. It has 60% solids and 40% urine in horse manure. A horse can produce 0.5 ounces of solid wastes and 0.3 liquid wastes per pound of body weight. A 1,000 pounds horse produces 30 lbs feces and 20 lbs of urine every day, which is equal to 0.75 cubic feet per day. Therefore, a horse can generate 8-10 tons manure every year. If 0.75 cubic feet per day, there is about 10 cubic yards of residue materials that becomes manure every year. In other words, it has 8 to 15 pounds bedding that needs to removing and cleaning per day. To look for effective management for horse manure is necessary, especially horse manure as fertilizer for grass, pasture, roses, etc.
Fresh manure nutrient content in animals

Fresh Manure(%)

Nitrogen
(N)

Phosphorus
  (P2O5)

Potassium
(K2O)

Calcium
(Ca)

Magnesium
(Mg)

Organic Matter

Moisture Content

Cattle
0.5
0.3
0.5
0.3
0.1
16.7
81.3
Sheep
0.9
0.5
0.8
0.2
0.3
30.7
64.8
Poultry
0.9
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.2
30.7
64.8
Horse
0.5
0.3
0.6
0.3
0.12
7.0
68.8
Swine
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.03
15.5
77.6

Nowadays, horse manure has been regarded as a valuable organic fertilizer resource rather than a waste in horse farm. As for a 1,000-pound horse, it can produce about 9 tons manure per year. In other words, there is about 120 pounds of nitrogen, 72 pounds of P2O5 and 140 pounds K2O in fresh horse manure. Because of wide values in horse manure, the above statistics is for reference only. For the most part, the nitrogen exists in urine of horse manure. And nitrogen is the most important element in plant growth. Therefore, using horse manure as fertilizer is feasible and helpful for horse stall.

Effective Stored Horse Manure Management
While managing large quantity of horse dung, it is necessary to have a perfect working process from movement to composting. You’d better move horse manure in accordance with your demand. Straight-line moving horse manure can yet be regard as the most efficient way. In this way, it reduces transport from the stall, which can be sent to manure storage directly. In addition, it increases work efficiency and omits the lifting process. What’s more, it can effectively prevent excess stocking in temporary areas.
It is important to keep clean in stale for horse keepers. Thus, you need to change beddings and move horse manure regularly. In order to create favorable environment for horse manure organic fertilizer production, horse manure and beddings need to be preprocessed. You can remove horse manure every a week during fly breeding season or move it with composting machine.

Composting Horse Manure
Using horse manure as fertilizer is one of circulated utilization method for solving horse manure pile problem. Horse manure, with bedding, is great raw material for organic fertilizer composting. To make horse manure fertilizer, composting is the first step in the whole horse manure organic fertilizer production line.

horse manure compost

Using aerobic microbial fermentation to dispose horse manure is a way to make organic matters into bio organic fertilizer. Composting, also called decomposition, is a process that decomposes animal waste and other remains of animal and plants. Proper fermentation provides appropriate surroundings for microorganisms. Add microbial zymophyte to compost can increase decomposition of horse manure and bedding, dramatically improving the productivity. In comparison, horse manure aerobic composting has features of simple technology, low investment and low transportation cost, killing pathogenic microorganism effectively, which is a safe and economic way for horse manure disposal.

In the composting process, input oxygen to compost by stirring and forced ventilation, promoting aerobic microbial activity. Because there exits large variety of microorganisms in composting, air and soil, it will enter the fermentation stage quickly. Microbes break the organic matter down into ammonia, nitric acid, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water. In the meanwhile, it generates heat and increases composting temperature. At the beginning of fermentation, decomposition of organic matter depends mainly on the moderate-temperate microbe fermentation (30-40 degrees Celsius). As the temperature rises, bacteria thermophilic bacteria, the most suitable bacteria for living in the 45 to 65 degrees Celsius, gradually replaces the medium temperature microbes. At this temperature, a variety of noxious substance can be exterminated, such as pathogenic bacteria, parasite eggs, weed seeds, etc.

While the temperature is 50-60 degrees Celsius, you need to turn and move horse manure. Compost windrow turner may be a good fertilizer making machine for your horse manure organic fertilizer fermentation. It accelerates fermentation and turns organic materials well. It only needs 7- 15 days for the whole organic fertilizer fermentation with the help of compost making machine, which saves labor force and time efficiently. As for turning, you need to turn and mix horse manure twice a day in summer, every three or four days in winter.

There are several factors you need to take into consideration while composting, such as water, pH, temperature, oxygen etc. You need to keep the water content of horse manure in a proportion of 50-60%. Keep good carbon:nitrogen ratio of horse manure. Generally speaking, C/N raio of stall waste is 20:1 to 30:1. See more at 5 Important Factors that Affecting Organic Fertilizers Quality

Commercial Horse Manure Organic Fertilizer Production
After composting horse manure, it realizes harmless treatment and stabilization of stall waste. However, the degree of commercial horse manure organic fertilizer has not yet been achieved. What’s more, it has some limitation in application. Therefore, it is necessary to produce commodity organic fertilizer. While producing organic fertilizer, you can add certain microelements for clients’ demand. Moreover, you can produce different shapes of horse manure organic fertilizer, such as ball, cylinder, oval, etc.
Granular horse manure organic fertilizer production line
Compost windrow turner(turning and mixing horse manure)→Forklift→Hopper scale→Belt conveyor→Chain fertilizer crusher→Belt conveyor→Horizontal fertilizer mixer→Belt conveyor→Disc pan fertilizer granulator→Belt conveyor→Rotary drum dryer→Belt conveyor→Rotary drum cooler→Belt conveyor→Organic fertilizer screening machine→Belt conveyor→Automatic packaging machine

Extended reading:
1. Customized Organic Fertilizer Production Line for Horse Manure
2. Efficient Horse Manure Compost Making Machine

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