manure every day. As for a horse, there is about 10 tons manure and bedding that need to be clean annually. You are supposed to think over treatment in horse manure. Some horse keepers have developed horse manure as fertilizer with the help of organic fertilizer production line, selling horse manure fertilizer as source of revenue.As we all know, animal manure contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and other nutrients. These manures are needed in plant growth, which may improve soil fertility, soil moisture and water infiltration. Horse manure, as one of animal manures, is a good organic material for organic fertilizer production.
Pasture Horse Manure Production
Nowadays, horse manure has been regarded as a valuable organic fertilizer resource rather than a waste in horse farm. As for a 1,000-pound horse, it can produce about 9 tons manure per year. In other words, there is about 120 pounds of nitrogen, 72 pounds of P2O5 and 140 pounds K2O in fresh horse manure. Because of wide values in horse manure, the above statistics is for reference only. For the most part, the nitrogen exists in urine of horse manure. And nitrogen is the most important element in plant growth. Therefore, using horse manure as fertilizer is feasible and helpful for horse stall.
Effective Stored Horse Manure Management
Composting Horse Manure
Using aerobic microbial fermentation to dispose horse manure is a way to make organic matters into bio organic fertilizer. Composting, also called decomposition, is a process that decomposes animal waste and other remains of animal and plants. Proper fermentation provides appropriate surroundings for microorganisms. Add microbial zymophyte to compost can increase decomposition of horse manure and bedding, dramatically improving the productivity. In comparison, horse manure aerobic composting has features of simple technology, low investment and low transportation cost, killing pathogenic microorganism effectively, which is a safe and economic way for horse manure disposal.
In the composting process, input oxygen to compost by stirring and forced ventilation, promoting aerobic microbial activity. Because there exits large variety of microorganisms in composting, air and soil, it will enter the fermentation stage quickly. Microbes break the organic matter down into ammonia, nitric acid, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water. In the meanwhile, it generates heat and increases composting temperature. At the beginning of fermentation, decomposition of organic matter depends mainly on the moderate-temperate microbe fermentation (30-40 degrees Celsius). As the temperature rises, bacteria thermophilic bacteria, the most suitable bacteria for living in the 45 to 65 degrees Celsius, gradually replaces the medium temperature microbes. At this temperature, a variety of noxious substance can be exterminated, such as pathogenic bacteria, parasite eggs, weed seeds, etc.
While the temperature is 50-60 degrees Celsius, you need to turn and move horse manure. Compost windrow turner may be a good fertilizer making machine for your horse manure organic fertilizer fermentation. It accelerates fermentation and turns organic materials well. It only needs 7- 15 days for the whole organic fertilizer fermentation with the help of compost making machine, which saves labor force and time efficiently. As for turning, you need to turn and mix horse manure twice a day in summer, every three or four days in winter.
There are several factors you need to take into consideration while composting, such as water, pH, temperature, oxygen etc. You need to keep the water content of horse manure in a proportion of 50-60%. Keep good carbon:nitrogen ratio of horse manure. Generally speaking, C/N raio of stall waste is 20:1 to 30:1. See more at 5 Important Factors that Affecting Organic Fertilizers Quality
Commercial Horse Manure Organic Fertilizer Production